Example of a Topicality shell
There are four parts to a topicality argument:
1. Interpretation: This is the negative team’s definition of a word in the resolution. Definitions can come from dictionaries, legal dictionaries, laws, academic papers, court rulings, etc.
2. Violation: This is an explanation as to why the affirmative team’s plan doesn’t meet the interpretation/definition that the negative team provides.
3. Standards: These are values of the negative team that they maintain through their interpretation. Usually, these are reasons why the negative team's definition is better, or the advantages that we get out of using the negative team's definition.
4. Voter: All this does is say that this is a voting issue, meaning that it's a reason for the other team to lose.